Pulwama

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Pulwama
Pulwama is located in Jammu and Kashmir
Pulwama
Location in Jammu and Kashmir
Pulwama is located in India
Pulwama
Pulwama (India)
Coordinates: 33°53′N 74°55′E / 33.88°N 74.92°E / 33.88; 74.92Coordinates: 33°53′N 74°55′E / 33.88°N 74.92°E / 33.88; 74.92
CountryIndia
States and territories of IndiaJammu and Kashmir
DistrictPulwama
Area
 • Total1,398 km2 (540 sq mi)
Elevation
1,630 m (5,350 ft)
Population
(2011)
 • Total765,565
 • Density550/km2 (1,400/sq mi)
Languages
 • OfficialUrdu
Time zoneUTC+5:30 (IST)
Vehicle registrationJK13
Sex ratio913 /
Literacy65.00%
Distance from Shopian23 kilometres (14 mi)
Distance from Srinagar29 kilometres (18 mi)
Websitewww.pulwama.gov.in

Pulwama (known as Panwangam in antiquity,[1] and later as Pulgam[2]) is a town and a notified area committee in Pulwama district, in India’s northern state of Jammu and Kashmir. It is almost 40 km (25 mi) from the summer capital of Srinagar. Pulwama is often called the "Anand of Kashmir" (the joy, the delight), but also the "Dudha-Kul of Kashmir" (the milk)[3] on account of its high milk production.

Geography[]

Pulwama is located at 32°53′N 74°55′E / 32.88°N 74.92°E / 32.88; 74.92.[4] It has an average elevation of 1,630 m (5,350 ft)).

History[]

District Pulwama came into being in the year 1979 in the larger interests of maintenance of law and order, closer supervision, more effective control and above all to ensure balanced development of the area. Pulwama district comprised 550 villages, which until 2007 were grouped in five (5) Tehsils:

Now, again in 2007, the district has been bifurcated in two parts viz. Shopian district & Pulwama district. District Pulwama district there are eight (8) Tehsils:[citation needed]

The total number of villages came down to 331 with four (4) CD Blocks and part of Keller block. The reporting area of this district has been reduced to 0.61 lac Hectares from 0.98 Hectares after creation of the new Hill District, Shopian.

44 Indian security personnel were killed by Jaish-e-Mohammed terrorists in the 2019 Pulwama attack.[5]

In one of the deadliest terror attacks in Kashmir, a CRPF convoy of 70 vehicles was targeted by a Jaish-e-Mohammed suicide bomber on Thursday (February 14) 2019, resulting in the death of 44 jawans [6]

Agriculture[]

Agriculture plays an important role in the economy of the district. The agriculture products like paddy, oil seeds, fodder, saffron & milk are the main contributors to the Gross Domestic Product (GDP) of the district. Area sown more than once is about 0.30 lac hectares & the productivity of the land in the district is higher than in any other district in the State. Pulwama district is famous for saffron cultivation which is mainly grown in Karewa lands of Pampore, Kakapora and Pulwama blocks. The area under saffron cultivation during 2010-11 was 2414 hectares. Among the fruits, apple, almonds, walnut & cherry are the important one produced in this District.

Industries[]

This district has the state's largest cement plant viz. J&K Cements Ltd. at Khrew with a capacity of 1200 M tones cement per day. In this district two important projects have been taken up for execution during current year,[when?] namely, State Entrepreneur Development Institute and International Trade Centre at Pampore. Besides having an industrial dominance Pulwama is also considered[by whom?] to be the largest milk-producing district of Jammu and Kashmir. Lassipora SIDCO has various small and medium factories. Zum zum milk is produced there. Pulwama district is also well known for its industries these industries include SIDCO which are located at Lassipora, a village of Pulwama where hundreds of labours are given jobs.

Education[]

Pulwama is home to a Government Degree College.[7]

Demographics[]

Religion in Pulwama
Relgion Percentage
Islam
94.59%
Hindu
4.63%
Sikhism
0.34%
Not stated
0.24%
Christianity
0.17%
Buddhism
0.02%
Jain
0.01%

According to 2011 Census of India, Pulwama had a population of 18,440 of which 10,070 are males while 8,370 are females. Population of Children with age of 0-6 is 3167 which is 17.17 % of total population of Pulwama. Female Sex Ratio is of 831 against state average of 889. Moreover Child Sex Ratio in Pulwama is around 718 compared to Jammu and Kashmir state average of 862. Literacy rate of Pulwama city is 74.18 % higher than state average of 67.16 %.[8]

Religion[]

Majority of the population follows Islam, which consist of 94.59% of total population of town. Other minority religions are Hindu 4.63%, Sikh 0.34%, Christianity 0.17%, Buddhism 0.02% and Jains are 0.01%. 0.24% people not stated their religion.[8]

See also[]

References[]

  1. ^ Jasbir Singh (2004). The economy of Jammu & Kashmir. Radha Krishan Anand & Co. ISBN 9788188256099. Retrieved 2010-12-02. The original name of Pulwama was Panwangam, which comprised four local namely, Malikpora, Dangerpora, Chatapora, Dalipora.
  2. ^ Parvéz Dewân (2004). Parvéz Dewân's Jammû, Kashmîr, and Ladâkh: Kashmîr. Manas Publications. ISBN 9788170491798. Retrieved 2010-12-02. The original name of Pulwama city(from which the district takes its name) was Panwangam. Over the centuries it got shortened to Pulgam. This in turn gradually changed to Pulwama.
  3. ^ "Pulwama". Official website of Pulwama district.
  4. ^ Falling Rain Genomics, Inc - Pulwama
  5. ^ Newslaundry. "44 CRPF personnel killed, official investigations begin". Newslaundry. Retrieved 14 February 2019.
  6. ^ "a CRPF convoy of 70 vehicles was targeted by a Jaish-e-Mohammed suicide bomber on Thursday (February 14)". Retrieved 14 February 2019.
  7. ^ Safi, Michael (8 July 2017). "WhatsApp warriors on the new frontline of Kashmir's conflict". The Guardian. Retrieved 10 July 2017. The students at Government Degree College in Pulwama, another southern town, were online again in 30 seconds.
  8. ^ a b "Pulwama Population Census 2011 - 2019". census2011.co.in. Retrieved 17 February 2019.