Nicolas Régnier (1591–1667), alternatively Niccolò Renieri, was a painter and later art dealer from the County of Hainaut, a French speaking part of Spanish Netherlands, active in Italy during the Baroque period. His subjects include many groups of card-players or scenes of fortune-telling, saints, often largely nude, and scenes or female figures from classical myth. He painted Saint Sebastian Tended by Saint Irene three times, as well as a number of nearly-nude single figures of Saint Sebastian and John the Baptist. He painted Mary Magdalene numerous times.
Born in Maubeuge, he initially apprenticed in Antwerp with Abraham Janssens, a painter contemporary with Caravaggio in Rome. It is unclear if Régnier reached Rome in 1615 or 1621–1625. He appears to have met Bartolomeo Manfredi, of whom Joachim von Sandrart calls him a follower. Régnier served as official painter to Marchese Vincenzo Giustiniani, a prominent patron of Caravaggio. In Rome Régnier was also in close contact with Simon Vouet. By 1626, Régnier had moved to Venice, where in addition to painting, he began dealing in antiquities and paintings. In Venice, he was befriended by Guido Cagnacci. He died in Venice.
He was the subject of an exhibition, "Nicolas Régnier l'homme libre" in Nantes (December 2017 to March 2018). Paintings by Nicolas Regnier can be seen in many museums including the Gemäldegalerie in Berlin, the Museum of Fine Arts in Budapest, Hungary; the Staatsgalerie Stuttgart; National Museum of Serbia and the Detroit Institute of Arts.
Allegory of Vanity - Pandora (1626), private collection
Cardsharps and Fortune Teller (1620-1622), Museum of Fine Arts - Budapest
Carnival scene (1630), National Museum, Warsaw
The Death of Sophonisba (1665-1667), New Walk Museum and Art Gallery, Leicester
Guessing Game (1620-1625), Galleria Uffizi - Florence
La diseuse de bonne aventure (The Fortune Teller), Nicolas Régnier (1625-1626), Musée du Louvre
Marquis Vincenzo Giustiniani (1630)
A Musician Playing a Lute to a Singing Girl (1621-1622), private collection
The Penitent Magdalen (1650-1660), Birmingham Museum and Art Gallery
Penitent Mary Magdalene, private collection
Portrait of Maria Farnese (1638)
Saint John the Baptist (1615-1620), Hermitage Museum - St. Petersburg
Saint Sebastian (1620), Hermitage Museum - St. Petersburg
Saint Sebastian (1622-1625), Gemaldegalerie Alte Meister - Dresden
Saint Sebastian Tended by Saint Irene, Ferens Art Gallery - Hull
Self-Portrait with a Portrait on an Easel (1623-1624), Fogg Museum of Art - University of Harvard
Sleeper Awakened by a Young Woman with a Lit Wick (also known as Fortune Telling Scene), National Museum of Fine Arts - Stockholm
Vanity (1626), Musée des Beaux-Arts de Lyon
Baptism of Christ, 1627, Church of San Giovanni Battista dei Genovesi, Rome
David with the head of Goliath, 1616, Palazzo Spada, Galleria Spada, Sala IV, Inventory n° 176, Roma (Attribution has been discussed, some critics considering it may be a Bartolomeo Manfredi work)
- and Niccolo Renieri, Niccolò Renieri, Nicolaas Regnier, Nicolaas Renier, Nicolas Renier, Nicolas Renieri
- Nicolas Régnier paintings at the Detroit Institute of Arts
- Vanity-Pandora by Niccolò Renieri in the Staatsgalerie Stuttgart.
- Biography, Web Gallery of Art
- Lemoine, Annick, "Nicolas Régnier", The Art Tribune (La Tribune de l'Art).
- Lemoine, Annick, Nicolas Régnier (alias Niccolò Renieri) ca. 1588-1667 peintre, collectionneur et marchand d'art, 2007, Arthena (Paris). ISBN 978-2-903239-37-4
Media related to Nicolas Régnier at Wikimedia Commons